After unsuccessful treatment for depression with a selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), it is not known whether switching to one antidepressant is more effective than switching to another.
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These data indicate that poor metabolizers accumulate fluoxetine but not sertraline and that CYP2D6 plays an important role in the demethylation of fluoxetine but not of sertraline.
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Relevant literature was identified by a PubMed search using the word "metoprolol" combined with generic names of antidepressant drugs.
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The authors describe the use of three new antidepressants: Sertralilne, Paroxetine and Venlafaxine in treating Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and symptoms of Depression in adult Bosnian refugees victims of ethnic cleansing. 32 Bosnian refugees with PTSD and symptoms of Depression presenting for treatment of the mental health consequences of surviving ethnic cleansing, participated in a case series study. All subjects completed open trials of Sertraline (15), Paroxetine (12) or Venlafaxine (5), with standard clinical doses. Overall, Sertraline and Paroxetine yielded statistically significant improvement at 6 weeks in the total PTSD symptom severity, in each symptom cluster, in Beck Depression Inventory and in Global Assessment of Functioning. Venlafaxine produced statistically significant improvement at 6 weeks in the total PTSD symptom severity, in each symptom cluster and in Global Assessment of Functioning but did not yield significant improvement in symptoms of depression and had a high rate of side effects.
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The most frequently prescribed SSRI was fluoxetine and the PDDs were slightly more than the DDDs for all these SSRIs except fluvoxamine. The SSRIs were mainly prescribed to the patients who were younger, female and outpatients. Psychotropics were more likely concomitantly used with fluvoxamine, sertraline and paroxetine, relative to fluoxetine.
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55 severe and moderately depressed non-demented outpatients aged 60 years or more.
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After the advent of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors on the U.S. market in 1988, American psychiatrists have been faced with more choices of antidepressants for the treatment of depression. The prescribing of SSRIs has been increasing in popularity because they are easily titrated by the physicians and tolerated by patients. However, the SSRI use is frequently associated with female sexual dysfunction. The aim of this study was to describe these SSRI-associated female sexual side effects.
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This is the first documented case report of severe hypokalemia probably associated with sertraline use.
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Blood samples were drawn from elderly depressed patients and analysed for steady-state trough serum concentrations of citalopram (n = 48), paroxetine (n = 48) or sertraline (n = 39). A global efficacy evaluation was made at baseline and after 6-9 months. Antidepressant drug costs before and after TDM were estimated.
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At present, limited empirical data exist with regard to treatment of depression in the increasingly large population of patients with congestive heart failure. Evidence reveals that both psychotherapeutic treatment (eg, cognitive-behavioral therapy) and pharmacologic treatment (eg, use of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor sertraline) are safe and effective in reducing depression severity in patients with cardiovascular disease. Collaborative care programs featuring interventions that work to improve adherence to medical and psychiatric treatments improve both cardiovascular disease and depression outcomes. Depression rating scales such as the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire should be used to monitor therapeutic efficacy.
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Dissociation of the neurons and glial cells can is seen at some places in the stressed rats' cortex. However, the spatial arrangement of the cells was remained unchanged in curcumin+stress and sertraline+stress rats.
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A highly sensitive and selective on-line two-dimensional reversed-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometric (2D-LC-ESI/MS/MS) method to determine sertraline (SRT) enantiomers in rat plasma was developed and validated. The method was applied to separate and determine the diastereomers and enantiomers of SRT simultaneously. The 2D-LC-ESI/MS/MS system consisted of RAM column in first dimension for trapping proteineous part of plasma and a chiral Cyclobond column as second dimension for separation of enantiomers and diastereomers of SRT using 0.1% aqueous trifluoroacetic acid:acetonitrile (86:14, v/v) as mobile phase in an isocratic elution mode. The linear dynamic range was 0.5-200ng/mL (r(2)>0.999). Acceptable precision and accuracy were obtained over the calibration range. The assay was successfully used in the analysis of SRT enantiomers in rat plasma to support pharmacokinetic studies.
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A survey about prescribing of the newer antidepressants was mailed to 1,500 New York state licensed prescribers who were randomly selected from membership rosters. Nurse practitioners; physician assistants and physicians in family medicine, primary care, general practice, and internal medicine; and psychiatrists were included.
Chronic fluoxetine or imipramine administration in rats can generate a similar increase in the number of neural cells immunostained for mu opioid receptors in several prosencephalic regions.
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It is generally believed that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) drugs increase the risk of abnormal bleeding and decrease the risk of ischemic heart disease events by blocking the uptake of serotonin into platelets, leading to an impairment in the platelet hemostatic response.
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There is evidence that postpartum depression improves with antidepressant drug therapy, estrogen, individual psychotherapy, nurse home visits, and possibly group therapy. Of the more frequently studied antidepressant drugs in breastfeeding women, paroxetine, sertraline, and nortriptyline have not been found to have adverse effects on infants. Fluoxetine, however, should be avoided in breastfeeding women. By administering effective treatment to women with postpartum depression, we can positively impact the lives of mothers, their infants, and other family members.
Atomoxetine, a selective norepinephrine inhibitor, is effective in comorbid anxiety and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, however its role in panic disorder is unknown. We are presenting a case of panic disorder, who initially partially responded to clonazepam. When clonazepam was added with sertraline, escitalopram, desvenlafaxin, she did not improve significantly until paroxetine was added. When clonazepam-paroxetine combination was added with propranolol, etizolam, olanzepine, risperidone and amisulpride the symptom remission did not occur until a trial of Atomoxetine was done.
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Andrology unit, center for reproductive medicine.
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The international Study to Predict Optimized Treatment in Depression is a multi-center, parallel model, randomized clinical trial with an embedded imaging sub-study to identify such predictors. We focus on brain circuits implicated in major depressive disorder and its treatment. In the full trial, depressed participants are randomized to receive escitalopram, sertraline or venlafaxine-XR (open-label). They are assessed using standardized multiple clinical, cognitive-emotional behavioral, electroencephalographic and genetic measures at baseline and at eight weeks post-treatment. Overall, 2,016 depressed participants (18 to 65 years old) will enter the study, of whom a target of 10% will be recruited into the brain imaging sub-study (approximately 67 participants in each treatment arm) and 67 controls. The imaging sub-study is conducted at the University of Sydney and at Stanford University. Structural studies include high-resolution three-dimensional T1-weighted, diffusion tensor and T2/Proton Density scans. Functional studies include standardized functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with three cognitive tasks (auditory oddball, a continuous performance task, and Go-NoGo) and two emotion tasks (unmasked conscious and masked non-conscious emotion processing tasks). After eight weeks of treatment, the functional MRI is repeated with the above tasks. We will establish the methods in the first 30 patients. Then we will identify predictors in the first half (n=102), test the findings in the second half, and then extend the analyses to the total sample.
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Scientific aspects of the design and execution of the RCT are examined in the context of ethical issues in research. Comments and suggestions are offered on issues such as the statistical handling of data, manuscript content, and manuscript writing style. The reader's attention is drawn to subtle and not-so-subtle errors, as well as to curiosities in the data.
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A 6-month comparative, prospective, randomised study of 70 female patients, aged 42 to 52, with fibromyalgia according to the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology. One group (N=36) underwent 6-month treatment with sertraline, 50 mg/24 h. The other group (N=34) received 15 sessions of 1 W/cm2 ultrasonography on the cervical trigger points plus physical therapy. Variables analyzed on a visual 10-point scale were pain and morning stiffness and sleep disorders by use of the sleep questionnaire of the Medical Outcome Study (MOS). Measurements were taken at the beginning of the study and at 3-month and 6-month follow-up.
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We found 52 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria.
Two nonblinded single-dose randomised 3-way crossover studies were conducted in healthy male volunteers to determine the effect of the time of administration (morning vs evening) and the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of sertraline tablets. There were no significant treatment effects on the mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC), mean peak plasma sertraline concentration (Cmax), mean time to reach Cmax (tmax), mean terminal elimination half-life, or the mean elimination rate constant in either study. The results of these 2 studies show that the bioavailability and elimination of sertraline tablets are not influenced by the time of administration or administration with or without food. Thus, sertraline tablets offer the flexibility of morning or evening administration, to patients in the fasting or nonfasting state.
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A 16-year-old gravida 1, para 0 used oral methotrexate treatment of 7.5 mg per day for psoriasis for 2 days at 3.5 weeks postconception. Multiple anomalies were noted on an 18-week ultrasound. Fetopsy revealed craniofacial, axial skeletal, cardiopulmonary, and gastrointestinal abnormalities.