Generic Uroxatral is used for treating symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with an enlarged prostate. It may also be used for certain conditions.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Alfuzosin.
Generic Uroxatral is an alpha-blocker. It works by blocking receptors in the lower urinary tract, causing smooth muscles in the bladder neck and prostate to relax. This relaxation improves urine flow and reduces the symptoms of BPH.
Generic name of Generic Uroxatral is Alfuzosin.
Brand name of Generic Uroxatral is Uroxatral.
Take Generic Uroxatral by mouth with food. Take with meal every day.
Swallow Generic Uroxatral whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
Take Generic Uroxatral on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Uroxatral and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.
The most common side effects associated with Uroxatral are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are allergic to Generic Uroxatral components.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Uroxatral can harm your baby.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you have moderate to severe liver disease.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are taking an alpha-blocker (e.g., prazosin), an azole antifungal (e.g., ketoconazole), or an HIV protease inhibitor (eg, ritonavir).
Sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning.
Avoid situations in which injury could occur due to fainting.
Keep Generic Uroxatral away from children and don't give it to other people for using.
Do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
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This study was design to evaluate the efficacy of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) compared to alpha-adrenoceptor antagonists (Alfuzosin SR) for the treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH concomitant with detrusor overactivity (DO).
To compare the efficacy and tolerability of the alpha 1 A-subtype selective drug tamsulosin with the nonsubtype-selective agent alfuzosin in the treatment of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), often termed symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
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Multimodal therapy using UPOINT leads to significant improvement in symptoms and quality of life. Moreover, a placebo-controlled trial for every therapy combination is not feasible, and results using UPOINT compare favorably with all large trials of monotherapy.
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Alfuzosin is a safe and effective agent for the expulsive therapy of ureteral stones smaller than 10 mm in size. It is more effective than therapeutic regiment without alpha blocker. It is equivalent to Tamsulosin in its effectiveness and safety profile. Adverse effects should always be kept in mind when use this class of drugs.
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This is a retrospective analysis of observational data from the General Practice Research Database (UK) (GPRD). The cohort contains 4500 patients experiencing BPH or lower urinary tract symptoms strongly suggestive of BPH, aged over 50 years, who were prescribed a 5ARI (finasteride) or an alpha-blocker (alfuzosin, doxazosin, indoramin, prazosin, tamsulosin, terazosin) as their first BPH treatment between 1996 and 1999 inclusive. Cox regression and competing risks analyses, adjusted for age and year of first treatment, followed patients from the start of their first BPH treatment to AUR, catheterisation or surgery, or censoring.
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The aim of the present study was the determination of formulation factors and the in vitro evaluation of an extended release dosage form of a freely soluble weakly basic drug (alfuzosin hydrochloride). Binary mixer of one hydrophilic polymer (hydroxypropylmethylcellulose) and one directly compressible Eudragit (RS PO) was used in tablets prepared by direct compression. The amounts of both polymers were taken as independent variables for the 3(2) Factorial design. The percent drug releases at 1, 6, 12 and 20 h were selected as responses. The main effect and interaction terms were quantitatively evaluated using mathematical model. Dissolution data were fitted to zero order, first order, and Higuchi's release kinetics to evaluate kinetic data. Both the diffusion and erosion mechanisms were responsible for drug release as shown by the power law. The release of Alfuzosin was prolonged for 20 h by binary mixer indicating the usefulness of the formulations for once daily dosage forms.
41 men were enrolled in the study and they were subjected to either watchful waiting (group 1) or alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor blocker therapy (group 2 with alfuzosin; group 3 with tamsulosin). The patients were investigated by symptom evaluation using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life score (QOL), uroflowmetry and UEBW. The parameters were assessed again 3 months after initiation of treatment and compared with the initial values.
At the endpoint the total IPSS improved by 7 points (-38.5%) from baseline (P < 0.001) with 76.9% and 49.7% of men having an improvement of > or = 3 points and >6 points, respectively. There were also significant improvements in nocturia (-0.9, -30%; P < 0.001) and bother score (-1.8, -43%; P < 0.001) from baseline. Most patients (56%) perceived symptom relief within the first 2 weeks of treatment. All BSFI domains significantly improved from baseline (P < 0.05; <0.001 for overall satisfaction) and these improvements were more marked in men with severe LUTS at baseline. Alfuzosin 10 mg was well tolerated; the most common adverse event related to vasodilatation was dizziness/postural dizziness (3.1%). Ejaculatory disorders were uncommon (0.3%). Changes in blood pressure remained marginal, including in elderly men and those receiving antihypertensive agents.
We searched Medline for peer-reviewed articles in English, from 1991 to 2008, to provide a critical contemporary review of PDE5 pertaining to the potential interest of findings supporting a role for PDE5-Is in LUTS due to BPH. The selection of papers was based on the relevance of subject matter. A critical analysis of available fundamental and clinical data is reported.
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To determine whether severe intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) is more or equally likely with tamsulosin or alfuzosin.
Patients receiving α-blockers expressed an overall statistically significant lower urinary (P <.001), pain (P <.001 with stent in situ), and general health index (P <.002) scores. Sexual life and quality of life were also positively influenced. Quality of work was not influenced. No patients had to discontinue medication because of side effects or underwent stent removal before the due date. There was no difference in various outcomes between the 2 α-blockers.
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Do men starting treatment with prostate-specific α antagonists have increased risk of fall and fracture?
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After removal of the catheter, 42% of patients voided successfully, 22 of 40 (55%) with SR alfuzosin and 12 of 41 (29%) with placebo (P=0.03). The mean age of patients voiding successfully, regardless of treatment group, was 68. 4 years, whilst the mean age of those who were not successful was 72. 9 years (P=0.015). In an intention-to-treat analysis of outcome adjusted for this age difference, the benefit in favour of those receiving SR alfuzosin was not significant, but at P=0.052 there was a strong suggestion of a positive treatment effect. The observed benefit remained significant in a per-protocol analysis adjusted for age. Taken together, these results indicate that treatment with SR alfuzosin was effective and that the observed benefit was not simply the effect of age difference between the groups. Of the 34 patients who voided successfully 23 (68%) required no further intervention within a mean follow-up of 7 months.
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Sexual function should be assessed and discussed with the patient when contemplating the appropriate management strategy for LUTS associated with BPH, as well as when evaluating the patient's response to treatment.
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The aim of our study was to evaluate the symptomatic and urodynamic changes after 1-5 years of treatment with alfuzosin in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia.
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After a 1-month run-in period, 447 patients were randomly allocated in a double-blind placebo-controlled study to receive alfuzosin 10 mg once daily (n = 143), alfuzosin 2.5 mg thrice daily (n = 150) or placebo (n = 154) for 3 months. At inclusion, 46% of the randomised population had concomitant cardiovascular disease and 30% received an antihypertensive treatment. Uroflowmetry was performed close to trough plasma concentration of alfuzosin once daily to demonstrate the 24-hour coverage with this formulation.
The cumulative incidence of BPH-related prostatic surgery was 15.2% and mainly involved transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) (13.4%). Patients using alpha-blockers had a significantly increased risk of BPH-related prostatic surgery compared to patients using 5-ARIs, which remained after adjusting for age, calendar time, type of prescriber and chronic disease score (adjusted HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.24-1.88). The difference between alpha-blockers and 5-ARIs was sustained after stratification of time period (<1995, > or =1995) and exclusion of patients with prostatic surgery within one month of treatment initiation.
A once-daily (o.d.) formulation of alfuzosin has recently been developed in order to improve the convenience of dosing and to provide optimal pharmacokinetic coverage over a 24-h period. The results of two double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III studies of similar design that included 983 patients with LUTS that suggested BPH have confirmed that alfuzosin 10 mg o.d. is a 24-h effective treatment for both symptoms and flow rates, and that there is no additional benefit in using a higher dosage. In addition, alfuzosin is the only alpha1-blocker that has demonstrated a significant decrease in post-void residual urine, a known risk factor for acute urinary retention, as well as the incidence of acute urinary retention in comparison with a placebo. Administered without an initial dose titration, alfuzosin 10 mg o.d. is well tolerated, with a low incidence of postural hypotension (< 1%) and no significant changes in blood pressure compared with a placebo, even in elderly and hypertensive patients. Ejaculation disorders were rarely reported and did not show an evident causal relationship to treatment. Alfuzosin 10 mg o.d. also exhibits an excellent sexual side-effect profile, with no deleterious impact on this important aspect of quality of life for BPH patients.
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• In total, five studies of varying quality were identified, including 461 patients receiving either tamsulosin or alfuzosin, or control. • On meta-analysis, all five studies showed a reduction in USSQ urinary symptom score and body pain scores. There was mean reduction of 8.4 (95% CI, 5.6-11.1) in the urinary symptom score and 7.2 (95% CI, 2.5-11.8) in the body pain score. • In three studies, the numbers of patients experiencing stent related pain were stated: 45% (51/114) of patients receiving an α-blocker experienced painful episodes within the follow-up period defined for that study compared to 76% (88/116) in the control groups, which is equivalent to a relative risk of pain of 0.59 (95% confidence interval, 0.47-0.71). • There were also reductions in other aspects of the USSQ, such as the general health score and sexual matters score, although these were not statistically significant or uniformly reported.
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Overall, 328 urinary flows were recorded and evaluated, an average of 27 flows per patient. A statistically significant improvement in mean maximum flow: (Q(max)) [10.8 +/- 2.8 vs 12.4 +/- 3 mL/sec; p = 0.02] and urinary voiding volume (219 +/- 70 vs 233 +/- 55mL; p = 0.04) were observed after treatment compared with baseline. No differences in the number of urinary flows were observed between baseline and after treatment (13 +/- 2.9 vs 14 +/- 1.8 flows; p = 0.199). A statistically significant difference between the two evaluations was noted for I-PSS (15.7 +/- 0.8 and 9.5 +/- 2; p = 0.02). Mean Q(max) recorded during treatment was always higher than baseline at different daytime evaluations.
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether low-dose anticholinergics combined with an α1-receptor antagonist would continue the effect of an alpha-blocker, decrease the side effects of anticholinergics, and improve the symptoms of lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH).
In order to assess the ability of a single intravenous (i.v.) injection of alfuzosin, a selective alpha-1 blocker, in reducing high urethral tone in patients with symptomatic neurogenic bladder dysfunction (NBD), 163 patients (mean maximal urethral pressure [MUP] 108 +/- 46 cm H2O) were enrolled in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial and were randomly allocated to receive 0.5 mg (n = 45), 1 mg (n = 41), 2 mg (n = 39) alfuzosin or placebo (n = 38). The decrease in MUP was dose-dependent and statistically significant (P < or = 0.05) for 1 and 2 mg alfuzosin (respectively, 43 +/- 28 cm H2O and 46 +/- 27 cm H2O decreases vs. baseline) in comparison with placebo (23 +/- 30 cm H2O). The 2 mg dose level was the most effective leading to a > or = 30 or 50% decrease in MUP in, respectively, 69 and 44% of patients. The safety of all three alfuzosin dose levels was satisfactory and comparable to placebo. I.v. alfuzosin induces, in a dose-related manner, a clinically significant decrease in urethral pressure in patients with NBD and high urethral tone, and may be safely used as a pharmacological test as part of an urodynamic investigation.
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At baseline and on a quarterly basis up to 12 months of treatment, subjective and objective (uroflowmetry and residual urine volume) responses of the patients were evaluated. The appearance of adverse medical events (AMEs) was carefully monitored and recorded throughout the trial.
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In order to document further the onset of action of alfuzosin, a selective alpha-1 blocker, 93 symptomatic patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy were randomly allocated to a single oral dose of either alfuzosin 1.25 mg or 2.5 mg, or placebo, after a 1-week placebo lead-in period. The effects on flow rates were assessed 1 h 30 min after administration. Peak and mean flow rates were significantly increased in the alfuzosin groups, as compared with placebo, in a dose-dependent manner. After a single intake of placebo, the mean values of these 2 parameters showed little change. The effect on the cardiovascular system (heart rate and blood pressure) was mild. This study indicates that the action of alfuzosin is already present 1 h 30 min after administration.
To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of a new, once-daily (o.d.) prolonged-release formulation of the clinically uroselective alpha1-blocker, alfuzosin, in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
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